Low-Dimensional electron gases such as the one in graphene is key for building quantum computing. Our aim is to realize novel quantum states and to precisely control these with photons. http://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.4978643

The mechanical degree of freedom - also called phonons - on the nanoscale is applied towards sensor applications, signal communication, and for studying quantum-
electro-mechanic (QEM).
http://www.nanomachines.com/nanomachines/Blog/Entries/2012/2/23_Nanomembranes_for_Protein_Mass_Spec.html

The work in this field focuses on developing nanopore and nanochannel circuits for DNA-sequencing and ion channel testing. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2012/LC/C1lc20636b#!divAbstract